Flash floods, typhoons, earthquakes, wildfires, tornados, hurricanes; the list is extensive when it comes to natural disasters! With increased global awareness of worldwide natural disasters, the geospatial community is increasingly getting involved in innovative ways to provide and utilize geospatial data to the field of natural disasters. Without geospatial data, one cannot expect effective and efficient disaster management because geospatial data are the essential element of Emergency Response Systems (ERS).
ERS systems maximize the use of geospatial information to meet the real needs of users across a wide variety of different sectors and disciplines. Over the past decade, we have seen progressive, web-based and data hosting infrastructures coupled with evolving geospatial data and methodologies, which enable the development of unique decision support frameworks for the disaster preparedness and response.