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Carpentry and Building Construction
Author: Feirer, John L. / Feirer, Mark D.

Cover: cover
Pages: 978
List Price: $55.96
Published by Glencoe Division Macmillian/McGraw-Hill
Date Published: 06/1997
ISBN: 002838699X


Table of Contents

Preface                                            v  
  Acknowledgments                                    vi
  SECTION I:  INTRODUCTION                           1  
    Unit 1: Careers in Construction                  2  
      The Construction Industry                      2  
      Industry Trends                                3  
      Career Levels                                  3  
      Other Construction Careers                     5  
      The Entrepreneur                               6  
      Your Future in Construction                    6  
      Questions                                      7  
      Activities                                     7  
    Unit 2:  Planning, Design, and Building Codes    8  
      Determining What to Spend                      8  
      Financial Arrangements                         12 
      Building Codes                                 13 
      Questions                                      14 
      Activities                                     14 
    Unit 3:  Reading Prints                          15 
      Methods of Measurement                         16 
      Reading an English (Inch) Rule                 18 
      Scale                                          18 
      Elements of Drawing                            19 
      Architectural Working Drawings                 21 
      Principles of Construction Drawing             31 
      Questions                                      35 
      Activities                                     35 
    Unit 4:  Energy Efficiency                       36 
      Caulks and Sealants                            38 
      Standard Home Construction                     41 
      Building Energy-Efficient Homes                41 
      Energy-Efficiency for Moderate Climates        44 
      Solar Homes                                    48 
      Solar Electricity                              52 
      Questions                                      54 
      Activities                                     54 
  SECTION II:  MATERIALS                             55 
    Unit 5:  Wood as a Building Material             56 
      Tree Growth                                    56 
      Hardwoods and Softwoods                        57 
      Methods of Cutting Boards from Logs            57 
      Seasoning                                      57 
      Moisture Content                               59 
      Grades of Lumber                               62 
      Storing Lumber                                 69 
      Figuring Board Feet                            69 
      Metric Lumber Measures                         71 
      Preservative-Treated Lumber                    72 
      Questions                                      73 
      Activities                                     73 
    Unit 6:  Plywood                                 74 
      What Plywood Is                                74 
      Manufacture of Construction and Industrial     75 
      Plywood
      Construction and Industrial Plywood            76 
      Working with Plywood                           81 
      Hardwood Grade Standards                       81 
      Questions                                      82 
      Activities                                     82 
    Unit 7:  Composition Panels-Hardboard, OSB,      83 
    and Others
      Adhesives                                      83 
      Oriented-Strand Board                          84 
      Hardboard                                      85 
      Particleboard                                  87 
      Medium-Density Fiberboard                      90 
      Questions                                      90 
      Activities                                     90 
    Unit 8:  Framing Connectors and Engineered       91 
    Wood
      Laminated-Veneer Lumber                        91 
      Glue-Laminated Beams                           95 
      Metal Framing Connectors                       96 
      Questions                                      100
      Activities                                     100
  SECTION III:  TOOLS AND MACHINES                   101
    Unit 9:  Safety                                  102
      Who Is at Risk?                                102
      Craftsmanship and Safety                       103
      Handling Materials Safely                      103
      Health Hazards                                 103
      Avoiding Saw Kickback                          104
      Electrical Safety                              105
      Dress                                          105
      Avoid Falls                                    106
      Practice Good Housekeeping                     106
      General Safety                                 106
      General Safety Rules for Portable Power        107
      Tools
      Questions                                      108
      Activities                                     108
    Unit 10:  Hand Tools                             109
      Layout, Measuring, and Checking Devices        109
      Sawing Tools                                   112
      Edge-Cutting Tools                             113
      Fastening and Assembly Tools                   115
      Drilling and Boring Tools                      117
      Metalworking Tools                             118
      Questions                                      121
      Activities                                     121
    Unit 11:  Portable Circular Saw                  122
      Safety                                         122
      Types                                          123
      Parts                                          123
      Cross Cuts                                     124
      Miter Cuts                                     125
      Bevel Cuts                                     125
      Compound Angle Cuts                            125
      Pocket Cuts                                    125
      Cutoff Table                                   125
      Questions                                      127
      Activities                                     127
    Unit 12:  Table Saw                              128
      Safety                                         128
      Parts                                          128
      Size                                           129
      Blades                                         129
      Adjustments                                    131
      Ripping                                        132
      Crosscutting                                   134
      Special Cuts                                   135
      Joint Cuts                                     136
      Questions                                      140
      Activities                                     140
    Unit 13:  Radial-Arm Saw                         141
      Safety                                         141
      Installing the Saw Blade                       142
      Crosscutting                                   144
      Miter Cuts                                     144
      Using a Dado Head                              149
      Questions                                      151
      Activities                                     151
    Unit 14:  Power Miter Saw                        152
      Safety                                         152
      The Power Miter Saw                            152
      Compound-Miter Saw                             155
      Questions                                      156
      Activities                                     156
    Unit 15:  Portable Electric Drill                157
      Safety                                         157
      Cordless Drills                                158
      Other Types of Drills                          158
      Drill Bits                                     159
      Installing a Bit                               161
      Drilling Holes                                 161
      Drilling Holes for Wood Screws                 161
      Driving Screws                                 162
      Questions                                      163
      Activities                                     163
    Unit 16:  Pneumatic Nailers and Staplers         164
      Safety                                         164
      Nailers                                        165
      Staplers                                       167
      Nailer and Stapler Maintenance                 168
      Compressors                                    168
      Hoses                                          170
      Fasteners                                      170
      Questions                                      173
      Activities                                     173
    Unit 17:  Router                                 174
      Safety                                         174
      Router Bits                                    175
      Using a Router                                 177
      Router Accessories                             180
      Questions                                      181
      Activities                                     181
    Unit 18:  Saber Saw                              182
      Safety                                         182
      Parts                                          182
      Operations                                     182
      Questions                                      185
      Activities                                     185
    Unit 19:  Portable Sanders                       186
      Safety                                         186
      Portable Belt Sander                           186
      Finishing (or Pad) Sander                      187
      Other Sanders                                  188
      Questions                                      189
      Activities                                     189
    Unit 20:  Jointers, Planers, and Electric        190
    Planes
      Jointer Safety                                 190
      Size                                           191
      Parts                                          191
      Adjustments                                    192
      Basic Procedures                               193
      Planer Safety                                  196
      Combination Machines                           198
      Portable Electric Plane                        198
      Questions                                      200
      Activities                                     200
    Unit 21:  Plate Joiners                          201
      Safety                                         201
      Parts                                          202
      Biscuits                                       202
      Basic Procedures                               203
      Questions                                      204
      Activities                                     204
    Unit 22:  Scaffolds and Ladders                  205
      Scaffolds                                      205
      Scaffolding Safety                             206
      Brackets, Jacks, and Trestles                  207
      Ladders                                        210
      Ladder Safety                                  211
      Questions                                      212
      Activities                                     212
  SECTION IV:  FOUNDATIONS                           213
    Unit 23:  Locating the House on the Building     214
    Site
      Laying Out from a Reference Line               214
      Laying Out with a Transit or Level             215
      Height of Foundation Walls                     221
      Excavation                                     222
      Questions                                      224
      Activities                                     224
    Unit 24:  Concrete and Footings                  225
      Concrete                                       225
      Reinforcement of Concrete                      229
      Footings                                       229
      Footing Drains                                 232
      Estimating                                     233
      Questions                                      235
      Activities                                     235
    Unit 25:  Poured Concrete Foundation Walls       236
      Poured Concrete Foundation Walls               236
      Estimating                                     242
      Questions                                      243
      Activities                                     243
    Unit 26:  Concrete Block Foundation Walls        244
      General Considerations                         244
      Mixing Mortar and Trucking the Block           246
      Laying the Block                               247
      Related Operations                             255
      Estimating                                     257
      Surface Bonding of Concrete Block              258
      Estimating                                     262
      Questions                                      262
      Activities                                     262
    Unit 27:  Slab and Flatwork                      263
      Concrete Floor Slabs on Ground                 263
      Concrete Floor Slab Requirements               264
      Constructing a Concrete Floor Slab             265
      Finishing Concrete                             267
      Completing the Construction                    269
      Driveways, Sidewalks, and Basement Floors      270
      Estimating                                     273
      Questions                                      274
      Activities                                     274
  SECTION V:  FRAMING                                275
    Unit 28:  Framing Methods                        276
      Types of Wood Framing                          277
      Metal Framing                                  280
      Other Framing Methods                          283
      Questions                                      284
      Activities                                     284
    Unit 29:  Floor Framing                          285
      Posts                                          285
      Wood-Sill Construction                         290
      Girder Floor Framing                           297
      Estimating Floor Framing                       299
      Subflooring and Joist Construction             302
      Estimating Subflooring                         309
      Floor Trusses                                  310
      Wood I-Beams                                   312
      Questions                                      315
      Activities                                     315
    Unit 30:  Wall Framing                           316
      Laying out Wall Locations                      317
      Wall Framing                                   317
      Exterior Walls, Assembly and Erection          331
      Plumbing and Straightening the Wall Sections   334
      Partitions-Assembling and Erecting             336
      Let-in Bracing                                 337
      Special Framing                                339
      Multilevel Framing                             343
      Estimating Wall Framing                        343
      Questions                                      350
      Activities                                     350
    Unit 31:  Structural Wall Sheathing              351
      Types of Sheathing                             351
      Application of Sheathing                       352
      Building Paper                                 355
      House Wraps                                    356
      Estimating                                     356
      Questions                                      357
      Activities                                     357
    Unit 32:  Ceiling Framing                        358
      Ceiling Joists                                 359
      Estimating                                     362
      Questions                                      364
      Activities                                     364
    Unit 33:  Roof Framing                           365
      Roof Styles                                    365
      Roof Framing Terms                             367
      Laying out a Roof Frame Plan                   370
      Questions                                      371
      Activities                                     371
    Unit 34:  Conventional Roof Framing with         372
    Common Rafters
      Laying out Common Rafters                      373
      Cutting Common Rafters                         375
      Saddle Brace Roof Framing                      378
      Questions                                      380
      Activities                                     380
    Unit 35:  Hip and Valley Rafters                 381
      Hip Rafter Layout                              382
      Valley Rafter Layout                           387
      Questions                                      394
      Activities                                     394
    Unit 36:  Jack Rafters                           395
      Types of Jack Rafters                          395
      Length of Hip Jack Rafters                     395
      Length of Valley and Cripple Jacks             397
      Jack Rafter Shortening Allowances              397
      Jack Rafter Side Cuts                          397
      Jack Rafter Bird's-Mouth and Overhang          398
      Jack Rafter Pattern                            398
      Questions                                      398
      Activities                                     398
    Unit 37:  Layout and Erection of the Roof        399
    Frame
      Laying out the Ridge Board                     399
      Laying out the Rafter Locations                401
      Erecting the Ridge Board                       404
      Erecting the Rafters                           404
      Collar Tie Framing                             406
      Gable-end Framing                              407
      Framing a Gambrel Roof                         408
      Framing a Shed Roof                            409
      Framing a Shed Dormer                          409
      Framing a Flat or Low-pitch Roof               411
      Roof Openings                                  414
      Chimney Saddle                                 414
      Estimating                                     416
      Questions                                      419
      Activities                                     419
    Unit 38:  Roof Trusses                           420
      King-post Truss                                423
      Fink Truss                                     423
      Scissors Truss                                 425
      Design                                         425
      Site-Built Trusses                             425
      Truss Erection                                 428
      Interior Partition Installation                432
      Estimating                                     432
      Questions                                      433
      Activities                                     433
    Unit 39:  Roof Sheathing                         434
      Lumber Roof Sheathing                          434
      Plywood Roof Sheathing                         435
      Oriented Strand Board Sheathing                438
      Decking or Planking                            439
      Sheathing at the Ends of the Roof              440
      Sheathing Details at Chimney Openings          441
      Sheathing at Valleys and Hips                  441
      Estimating                                     441
      Questions                                      443
      Activities                                     443
    Unit 40:  Roof Coverings                         444
      Roofing Terminology                            444
      Roofing Accessories                            445
      Asphalt Shingles                               451
      Wood Shakes                                    457
      Wood Shingles                                  460
      Roll Roofings                                  464
      Built-up Roofs                                 464
      Metal Roofing                                  465
      Gutters and Downspouts                         466
      Estimating                                     468
      Questions                                      470
      Activities                                     470
  SECTION VI:  COMPLETING THE EXTERIOR               471
    Unit 41:  Ventilation                            472
      Area of Ventilators                            473
      Roof Ventilation                               473
      Outlet Ventilators                             475
      Inlet Ventilators                              478
      Crawl-space Ventilation and Soil Cover         478
      Questions                                      479
      Activities                                     479
    Unit 42:  Roof Trim                              480
      Types of Cornices                              481
      Wood Cornice Construction                      482
      Metal Cornice Construction                     488
      Rake or Gable-end Finish                       493
      Cornice Return                                 496
      Gutters                                        496
      Estimating                                     496
      Questions                                      498
      Activities                                     498
    Unit 43:  Windows and Skylights                  499
      Energy Efficiency                              500
      Types of Windows                               502
      Window Schedules                               512
      Installation                                   517
      Window Screens and Storm Panels                526
      Window Condensation                            527
      Estimating                                     528
      Skylights                                      528
      Questions                                      530
      Activities                                     530
    Unit 44:  Exterior Doors and Frames              531
      Types of Exterior Doors                        534
      Doorframes                                     539
      Handling the Hand of a Door                    542
      Determining the Hand of a Door                 543
      Fitting a Door                                 543
      Hanging a Door                                 544
      Installing a Lock Set                          547
      Garage Doors                                   550
      Estimating                                     554
      Questions                                      554
      Activities                                     554
    Unit 45:  Exterior Walls: Siding and Brick       555
    Veneer
      Wood Siding                                    556
      Installation of Wood Siding                    559
      Plywood and Other Composition Materials        571
      Wood Shingles and Shakes                       579
      Panelized Shingles                             583
      Stucco Sidewall Finish                         583
      Metal and Vinyl Siding                         584
      Masonry Veneer                                 587
      Shutters and Blinds                            592
      Estimating                                     592
      Questions                                      594
      Activities                                     594
  SECTION VII:  COMPLETING THE INTERIOR              595
    Unit 46:  Thermal Insulation, Radiant            596
    Barriers, and Vapor Barriers
      Insulating Materials                           596
      Insulating Values                              598
      Acceptable Comfort Levels                      600
      Where to Insulate                              601
      How to Install Insulation                      603
      Precautions in Insulating                      604
      Vapor Barriers                                 606
      Estimating                                     607
      Questions                                      609
      Activities                                     609
    Unit 47:  Sound Insulation                       610
      How Sound Travels                              610
      Sound Insulation in Wall Construction          611
      Sound Insulation in Floor-Ceiling              613
      Construction
      Sound Absorption                               617
      Questions                                      618
      Activities                                     618
    Unit 48:  Plaster and Drywall                    619
      Plaster                                        619
      Drywall                                        623
      Questions                                      632
      Activities                                     632
    Unit 49:  Wood Paneling                          633
      Plywood Paneling                               633
      Questions                                      650
      Activities                                     650
    Unit 50:  Wood and Vinyl Flooring                651
      Hardwood Strip Flooring                        651
      Storage and Delivery                           653
      Installation                                   654
      Finishing                                      662
      Other Types of Hardwood Flooring               664
      Estimating                                     667
      Resilient Flooring                             667
      Questions                                      675
      Activities                                     675
    Unit 51:  Ceramic Tile                           676
      Basic Tile Manufacture                         677
      Adhesives                                      678
      Grout                                          679
      Membranes                                      680
      Tools for Cutting and Setting Tile             680
      Installing Ceramic Tile                        681
      Questions                                      684
      Activities                                     684
    Unit 52:  Stairs                                 685
      Common Stair Parts and Terms                   687
      Framing a Stairwell                            688
      Designing a Stairway                           691
      Laying out a Stairway                          693
      Stringers                                      694
      Railing                                        701
      Basement Stairs                                701
      Exterior Stairs                                704
      Metal Spiral Stairways                         704
      Disappearing Stairs                            705
      Estimating                                     705
      Questions                                      706
      Activities                                     706
    Unit 53:  Cabinets and Built-ins                 707
      Kitchen Floor Plans                            708
      Kitchen Work Centers                           709
      Kitchen Cabinet Dimensions                     710
      Electricity in the Kitchen                     712
      Kitchen Cabinet Construction                   712
      Bathroom Cabinets                              726
      Counter Tops                                   727
      Installing a Premade Counter Top               731
      Linen Closets                                  732
      China Cases                                    732
      Cabinet Hardware                               734
      Cabinet Accessories                            736
      Estimating                                     737
      Questions                                      738
      Activities                                     738
    Unit 54:  Interior Trim and Interior Doors       739
      Materials                                      739
      Interior Door and Window Trim                  746
      Base, Ceiling, and Wall Molding                769
      Estimating                                     775
      Questions                                      776
      Activities                                     776
  SECTION VIII:  RELATED ACTIVITIES                  777
    Unit 55:  Chimneys and Fireplaces                778
      Chimneys                                       778
      Fireplaces                                     787
      Questions                                      798
      Activities                                     798
    Unit 56:  Protection against Decay and Insect    799
    Damage
      Decay                                          800
      Termites                                       806
      Other Wood-Infesting Insects                   809
      Questions                                      810
      Activities                                     810
    Unit 57:  Scheduling                             811
      Material Scheduling                            812
      Job Scheduling                                 813
      Keeping Track of the Schedule                  817
      Questions                                      818
      Activities                                     818
    Unit 58:  Plumbing, Electrical, and Heating,     819
    Ventilating and Air-Conditioning 
    Systems
      Plumbing                                       819
      Electrical System                              825
      Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning     830
      (HVAC) Systems
      Ventilating the House                          836
      Questions                                      837
      Activities                                     837
    Unit 59:  Interior and Exterior Painting         838
      Interior Painting                              838
      Drywall and Plaster                            838
      Exterior Painting                              846
      Paintability of Woods                          848
      Exterior Paints                                848
      Thinners and Solvents                          849
      Methods of Painting                            849
      Cleanup                                        853
      Estimating                                     854
      Paint Problems                                 855
      Questions                                      858
      Activities                                     858
  SECTION IX:  SPECIAL CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES       859
    Unit 60:  Building Architectural Models          860
      House Plans                                    861
      Scale                                          861
      Materials                                      862
      Tools for Model Building                       862
      Jigs                                           862
      Construction Practices                         863
      Landscaping                                    864
      Full-Scale Parts of a Building                 865
      Questions                                      865
      Activities                                     865
    Unit 61:  Construction Systems                   866
      Coastal High-Hazard Construction               866
      Cluster Housing                                868
      Permanent Wood Foundation                      869
      Construction in Seismic Zones                  871
      Truss-Framed System                            872
      Questions                                      873
      Activities                                     873
    Unit 62:  Remodeling and Renovation              874
      General Inspection                             876
      Building Site                                  876
      The Value of Remodeling                        879
      Adding a Room                                  880
      Remodeling Techniques                          881
      Repairs                                        888
      Installing Suspended Ceilings                  891
      Estimating                                     897
      Questions                                      898
      Activities                                     898
    Unit 63:  Manufactured Housing                   899
      History of Industrialized Housing              899
      Types of Manufactured Housing                  904
      Questions                                      909
      Activities                                     909
  Appendix A.  Finishes                              911
  Appendix B.  Metric Construction                   917
  Appendix C.  Math and Science Concepts             927
  Appendix D.  Employability Skills                  937
  Appendix E.  Communications Skills                 939
  Glossary                                           941
  Index                                              961
  Credits                                            975