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After the 2004 Presidential Election, a perception within planners was that voting pattern represented urban sprawl, even with little empirical research. The author used the 2004 Presidential Election results and 2000 Census data to examine the relationship between sprawl and the election winner by county. The study analyzed election results and compared it to the 83 metropolitan sprawling regions in the "Measuring Sprawl and Its Impact" study. The author provided a quantitative examination of how a Sprawl Index (residential density, neighborhood mix, centrality and street accessibility) relates to political ties. The study evaluated whether the voting pattern of the Republican win had sprawl and exurban ties. The author used ArcGIS and its Spatial Statistics tools to assess the association of population density and metropolitan location on a county's political tie. The study found that election results were unrelated to the location of sprawl but were significantly related to population density.