The recently released Integrated Project Delivery: Case Studies is the most recent product of an ongoing partnership with The AIA California Council Integrated Project Delivery Steering Committee and the AIA National Integrated Practice Discussion Group. This publication includes six real world, built projects that illustrates the benefits of using Integrated Project Delivery as a best practice for design and construction. By gathering metrics and interviewing project participants, experiences were shared regarding how each project was conceived and executed. The resulting model leverages the early contribution of individual expertise and allows all management team members to actively participate in the project's progress.
The case studies (including individual contact information of the participants), are available at no charge, at www.aia.org/about/initiatives/AIAB082049 or www.ipd-ca.net. Researched and reported by Jonathan Cohen, FAIA, the six projects are:
- Autodesk, Inc.'s AEC Solutions Division Headquarters in Waltham, Massachusetts; Kling Stubbins, architect; Tocci Building Companies, builder
- Sutter Health's Fairfield Medical Office Building in Fairfield, California; HGA Architects and Engineers, architect; The Boldt Company, builder
- SSM Healthcare's Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital Expansion in St. Louis, Missouri; Christner Inc., architect; McGrath Inc., MEP Engineer; Alberici Constructors, Inc., builder
- SSM Healthcare's St. Clare Health Center in Fenton Missouri; HGA Architects and Engineers, architect; Alberici Constructors, Inc., builder
- Encircle Health LLC's Ambulatory Care Center in Appleton, Wisconsin; HGA Architects and Engineers, architect; The Boldt Company, builder
- Arizona State University's Walter Cronkite School of Journalism; City of Phoenix, building owner; Ehrlich Architects, design architect; HDR Architecture, executive architect; Sundt Construction, builder.
In order for IPD to succeed, there must be timely and comprehensive input from key project participants. By adhering to basic principles, participants enjoy the benefits and prevent potential problems. These principles include:
- Early involvement of key participants
- Shared risk and reward
- Multi-Party Contract
- Collaborative decision making and control
- Liability Waivers among key participants
- Jointly developed and validated project goals
This process allows owners to enjoy improved cost control and schedule management, as well as the potential for less litigation and enhanced business outcomes. Builders are given the opportunity for stronger project pre-planning, with a more timely and informed understanding of design and a more transparent process. For architects and designers, IPD provides more time for design, reduces unnecessary documentation, allocates more equitable sharing of risk and reward, and preserves the integrity of design by providing accurate cost information early in the process.
Jonathan Cohen, FAIA, states, "There was so much energy and enthusiasm around IPD. These projects were all successful on their own terms and free of serious disputes -- that alone is remarkable. What struck me was the level of creativity in the different teams' approaches. Our industry is learning to innovate by experimenting and applying lessons learned to the next project. This tells me there shouldn't be a "one size fits all" formula for doing IPD. At the same time, there are underlying principles that should not be compromised." (Cohen, a former chair of the AIA California Council Integrated Project Delivery Steering Committee, has practiced architecture in the San Francisco Bay Area for more than 30 years. He can be reached at Email Contact.)
The AIACC represents the interests of more than 11,000 architects and allied professionals in California. Founded in 1944, The AIACC's mission supports architects in their endeavors to improve the quality of life for all Californians by creating more livable communities, sustainable designs and quality work environments. Today, The AIACC is the largest component of the national AIA organization. For more information, visit www.aiacc.org.
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